Please read this brief introduction before continuing on to the essays

Having claimed to be a defender of science,
you might rightly wonder why I now attack some popular scientific theories.

A scientific consensus exists in many subjects
including evolution and human-caused global warming, just to name a couple.
Non scientists often call these subjects "controversial." They are not.
These are manufactured controversies originating from the side that lost.
Rather than be honest and accept their defeat,
the losers have chosen dishonesty and self-humiliation.
Welcome to the world of the tin foil hat.

I do not possess the arrogance of evolution-deniers and other pseudoscientists
who attempt to overrule the scientific consensus
by asserting that their unsupported beliefs are true.
But where a scientific consensus does not exist, as in the following theories,
it is not arrogance to side with one group of scientists over another ...

it is one's right

(9 features)

1. Philosophy: The True Dichotomy of Reality
Their claim: 2 states of reality: physical and spiritual
My claim: There are at least 2 states of reality ... but "spiritual" ain't one of'em
Go to: The Nature Of Reality

2. Physics: The Theory of Time
Their claim: Time travel is possible
My claim: Not when time is properly understood
Go to: The Theory Of Time

3. Relativity: E=MC2
Their claim: Matter and Energy are interconvertible
My claim: There exists no evidence to support that claim
Go to: Relativity: E=MC2

4. Quantum Physics: "Many Worlds" interpretation
Their claim: Identical universes created instantly by wave function collapse
My claim: Jesus is easier to swallow
Go to: The Many Worlds Interpretation Of Quantum Physics

5. Chemistry/Biology: The Boundary Between Life and Non-life
Their claim: The boundary differs depending on whom you ask
My claim: The boundary exists only in the human mind
Go to: The Boundary Between Life And Nonlife

6. Neuroscience: Free Will
Their claim: Free Will is an illusion
My claim: It is the best explanation for the observable facts
Go to: Free Will vs. Determinism

7. Cosmology: Sound in Space
Their claim: No sound in space
My claim: Depends on how far away you are
Go to: Sound In Space

8. Cosmology: Expansion of the universe
Their claim: The expansion will continue to accelerate
My claim: History is not on your side
Go to: Expansion Of The Universe

9. Mathematics: Infinity
Their claim: 2 x infinity is the same size as infinity
My claim: that claim can be proven false
Go to: Infinity

#1 The Dichotomy of Reality

(1 page)

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#2 The Theory of Time

(4 pages)

Had these scientists (who believe that time travel is possible)
understood what time actually is, it might have saved them ...

a ton of embarrassment

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#3 "Relativity"

Many people, including scientists and teachers,
misunderstand Einstein's famous equation E=MC2.

The formula gives the relationship  between mass and energy.
It does not  mean that mass and energy can be converted back and forth.
The same is true of matter and energy: they do not convert back and forth.
They are not different forms of the same "stuff."

Here is a video (10:23) which will explain the science in detail:

Why does a hydrogen atom weigh less
than the sum of the masses
of the proton and the electron which make it up?

And here is supporting documentation from ...

Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

I understand how common this misconception is
because I too once operated under the same misunderstanding.
Being able to admit I was wrong allowed me to grow intellectually.
But here is an example of what happens to those
whose egos stand in the way of their ability to learn
(in other words ... people who refuse to admit when they are wrong)

Classic Emails

Ben Best (3 pages)

Marcin Kucharczyk (4 pages)

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#4 "Many Worlds"

There are dozens of "interpretations" of quantum physics.
The two most popular competing interpretations are
the "Copenhagen" interpretation and the "Many Worlds" interpretation.
The most fundamental difference between the two
is how they interpret wave function collapse.

You may either listen to a podcast or read the show on a word.doc

Listen to the podcast (25:33)

Or read the show on a word.doc (11 pages)

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#5 The boundary between life and nonlife

In his video, Aron Ra asks "What is the meaning of the word 'life'?"


So where is the boundary between life and non-life?

One of the biggest discoveries to come from the Miller-Urey experiments
was that the supposed boundary between life and non-life is non-existent ...
the existence of matter is best described as a continuum.

The boundary has been arbitrarily assigned by humans,
creating a false dichotomy for our convenience.
That is one reason why scientists have such a difficult time agreeing
on exactly what constitutes "a living thing."

Stars evolve over time and eventually begin to produce heavier elements.
Matter sometimes evolves in a way that leads to the existence of living things.
The Miller experiments proved that, given the right conditions,
chemical elements can evolve into organic molecules:
the building blocks of what we call "living things."

Invoking Occam's razor, there is simply no necessity
to create an arbitrary boundary that does not exist in nature,
but only in the minds of humans.

An analogy that may be helpful, is human evolution from ape-like mammals.
At no point did an ape-like mammal suddenly become a human.
Only when one looks back over great distances of time
can one see that evolution has occurred.

Therefore the term "abiogenesis" should be understood to be
an arbitrary boundary created for our convenience.
(e.g. to separate the fields of chemistry and biology)

In reality there is simply ... evolution.

(Yes, for those of you who read my book, it's true that I made the same mistake.
When I get around to rewriting it, I will have a lot of editing to do)

Early bioenergetic evolution

Their definition of life:
"The harnessing of chemical energy in such a way
that the energy-harnessing device makes a copy of itself

Most definitions of life do not take into account the evolutionary steps
that led from inorganic matter evolving into organisms that we recognize as alive.
This definition, however, recognizes that life is a process:
it is just one direction that the evolution of matter can take.

Here's another LUCA (Last Universal Common Ancestor) candidate ...

a rock

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#6 Free Will v. Determinism

(1 page)

From the Christian perspective:

Show #176 - JW Wartick expounds on Molinism and Free Will

Listen to the podcast (28:25)

Or read the show on a word.doc (12 pages)

From a purely scientific perspective:

Show #167 - Sam Harris (part 1 of 2)

Listen to the podcast (41:45)

Or read the show on a word.doc (16 pages)

Show #168 - Sam Harris (part 2 of 2)

Listen to the podcast (40:49)

Or read the show on a word.doc (16 pages)

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#7 No Sound in Space? Because it's a vacuum?

A sound wave is a pressure wave that travels
by vibrating molecules through compression or rarefaction.
Since there are molecules in space,
there is nothing to prevent sound from traveling through it.
Depending on the density of the molecules,
sound will attenuate over distance just as it does on Earth.

In the picture above, the closer you get to the supernova,
the denser the distribution of molecules becomes,
and the louder the sound will be.
Supernovae explode ... in outer space.

(note: a "perfect" vacuum has never been found to exist)

The CMB fills every cubic centimeter of the observable universe
with approximately 400 microwave photons

The Casimir Effect (10:39)

"Empty" space (4:45)

So as far as scientists can tell, the "vacuum" of space is just teeming with activity.


Astronomers can determine a star's age from the sound waves it produces

Listen to the "sound" of a comet (5:22)

How about sound in interstellar space?

Recording of Tsunami waves in interstellar space by Voyager 1 (1:02)

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#8 Will the expansion of the universe continue to accelerate?

(2 pages)

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#9 Is infinity the same size as ...

two times infinity?

(1 page)

Infinity Two Times Infinity

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